Symptoms of bakanae first appear about a month after planting. Infected seedlings appear to be taller, more slender, and slightly chlorotic when compared to healthy seedlings. The rapid elongation of infected plants is caused by the pathogen's production of the plant hormone, gibberellin. Plants with bakanae are often visible arching above healthy rice plants; infected plants senesce early and eventually die before reaching maturity.

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Maize kernels infestation by Fusarium spp. Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica, 3 4 Abdel-Hak, Sirry AR, Studies on root-rot diseases of rice caused by Sclerotium rolfsii and Fusarium moniliforme.

Agricultural Research Review, 51 3 Ahmed MI, Raza T, Survey of Pakistan's rice crop for bakanae. International Rice Research Newsletter, 17 1 Ali MS, Deka B, Role of fungi causing grain discoloration of rice and management under storage. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 26 1 Anderson B, White DG, Fungi associated with cornstalks in Illinois in and Plant Disease, 71 2 ; 12 ref. Chemical control of Bakanae disease of rice caused by Fusarium moniliforme.

Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology, 10 1 AVA, Seed mycoflora of some paddy Oryza sativa L. Plant Disease Research, 11 1 Baldacci E, The presence in Italy of Fusarium moniliforme on rice and its phytopathological significance.

Fusarium moniliforme causing panicle rot of rice. Indian Phytopathology, 31 3 Biological Control Products, Formulator, manufacturer and supplier of biological control products. Biswas S, Das SN, Efficacy of fungicides for the control of Bakanae disease of rice.

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Brooks F, List of Plant Diseases in American Samoa Land Grant Technical Report No. Laboratory Manual for Fusarium Research, 2nd edition. Sydney, Australia: University of Sydney. Laboratory Manual for Fusarium Research. Fusarium moniliforme colonization of corn ears in Missouri.

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Iowa State University. Dagutat Science, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa. Management of grain discoloration of rice. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 26 1 ; 9 ref. Lists of registered pesticides in South Africa.

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List of symptoms / signs

We'd like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest. Bakanae disease caused by Fusarium fujikuroi Nirenberg is reported from almost all the rice growing countries of the world and it has emerged as a major problem in Asian countries. The typical and distinguished symptoms of the disease are elongation and rotting of rice plants.


Etiology of an emerging disease: bakanae of rice

Foot rot or Bakanae disease - Fusarium moniliforme Sexual stage: Gibberella fujikuroi Symptoms Infected seedlings in nursery are lean and lanky , much taller and die after some time. In the main field, the affected plants have tall lanky tillers with longer internodes and aerial adventitious roots from the nodes above ground level. The root system is fibrous and bushy. The plants are killed before earhead formation or they produce only sterile spikelets. When the culm is split open white mycelial growth can be seen.


Bakanae is a seedborne fungal disease. The fungus infects plants through the roots or crowns. It then grows systemically within the plant. Infected plants are abnormally tall with pale, thin leaves, produce fewer tillers, and produce only partially filled or empty grains.

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