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Sequential Exegesis Thematic Exegesis. Al-Mizan is an ordinal exegesis of the Qur'an, which is organized by the order of the Qur'anic suras and verses , and its methodology is the exegesis of the Qur'an by appeal to the Qur'an itself, which means interpreting a Qur'anic verse in terms of other verses of the Qur'an.
In virtue of its intellectual honesty and fairness, accuracy and depth, al-Mizan has attracted the attentions of Shiite and Sunni scholars and found a place as one of the most reliable sources of inquiry about the Qur'an, and soon after its publication, tens of books and hundreds of articles and dissertations were written about it.
One of the significant advantages of this exegesis is its profound inquiries about important issues such as the miraculous character of the Qur'an, the stories of the prophets, human soul and spirit, God's response to people's prayers, monotheism , repentance , divine sustenance rizq , divine blessings baraka , jihad , annulment of actions ihbat , which are discussed when relevant to the verse that is being interpreted.
This exegesis has been translated into, and published in, Persian, English, Urdu, Turkish, and Spanish. When Tabataba'i reached the level of ijtihad in Najaf, he went back to his birthplace in Tabriz in , and then he immigrated to Qom in In addition to Tafsir al-mizan , he authored important books such as Usul-i falsafa wa rawish-i ri'alism the principles of philosophy and the method of realism , Bidayat al-hikma which is an introduction to Islamic philosophy , Nihayat al-hikma which is an advanced introduction to problems of Islamic philosophy , and Shi'ite Islam.
The method of Tafsir al-mizan is the interpretation of a Qur'anic verse in terms of other Qur'anic verses. He holds that the Qur'an has an exterior and an interior; he thinks that we need the real interpreters of the Qur'an, that is, the Prophet s and twelve Imams a , in order to understand the interior layers of the Qur'an, but to understand the exterior of the Qur'an we do not need anything other than the Qur'an itself, and when explicit or clear verses can illuminate and clarify its obscure or allegorical verses, we should not rely on the occasions on which the verse is said to have been revealed, or the views of the interpreters of the Qur'an, and exegetical hadiths in order to understand the verse.
We only consult these when the Qur'an itself gives no clarification of the meaning of a verse. This methodology was not invented by 'Allama Tabataba'i; the method was employed by scholars before him though with major differences. Tabataba'i made an extensive and more clear-cut use of this method, which is why he was known with the method. The book is committed to the method with respect to every single verse that it interprets. In accordance with this methodology, the author mentions some verses of a sura that have the same context, and then he deals with the literal meanings and the uses of the words in those verses.
Then in a section called "The illumination of the verses", he deals with the interpretation of each verse separately. He cites the views of well-known interpreters of the Qur'an, both Sunni and Shiite , and then there is a "hadith-related discussion" in which he examines the relevant exegetical hadiths of both Shiites and Sunnis.
Along with his interpretation of the verses, the author deals with related topics raised by those verses with philosophical, social, historical, or scientific approaches. All these discussions are attempts to give more clear interpretations of the relevant Qur'anic verses.
Given the familiarity of 'Allama Tabataba'i with various Islamic and some modern disciplines, Tafsir al-mizan deals with various issues related to the religion. In this work, he juxtaposes different Qur'anic verses with one another in order to present deductive arguments to elucidate Qur'anic notions or pinpoint instances for Qur'anic statements. In virtue of its intellectual honesty and fairness, the solidity of its methodology, and the precision of its contents, Tafsir al-mizan has always been the focus of attentions by Shiite and Sunni scholars in Iran and other Islamic countries.
In most exegeses of the Qur'an before Tafsir al-mizan , interpreters usually cited different possibilities concerning the meaning of a verse, but Tafsir al-mizan appeals to other Qur'anic verses or the evidence within the same verse in order to identify one of the possibilities as the meaning of the verse. The author clarifies some religious and Qur'anic notions, such as God's response to prayers, monotheism , repentance , divine sustenance rizq , divine blessing baraka , jihad , and the ihbat annulment of actions , by an appeal to Qur'anic verses.
A salient feature of Tafsir al-mizan is that, on the one hand, it deals with the objections of the opponents, and, on the other hand, it tries to provide an understanding of the religious notions that complies with the new developments both in the society and in scientific, philosophical and theological issues.
Before Tafsir al-mizan , it was uncommon among the interpreters of the Qur'an to juxtapose Qur'anic verses of the same subject-matter with one another in order to come to a certain conclusion concerning some notion. For example, 'Allama Tabataba'i has juxtaposed all Qur'anic verses regarding the annulment of action ihbat in order to clarify this notion. Tafsir al-mizan is one of the best sources for an inquiry about the stories of the prophets as envisaged in the Qur'an.
Moreover, he has also compared the Old and the New Testaments with the Qur'an, and has identified parts of the Testaments that have been distorted. According to 'Ali Ramadan al-Awsi's book, 'Allama Tabataba'i consulted the following as his sources:. Tafsir al-mizan was originally written in Arabic in 20 volumes about 8, pages. But since half of the translation was done by Ayatollah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Musawi Hamadani, 'Allama Tabataba'i asked him to translate the other half again into Persian.
Tafsir al-mizan has so far been translated into different languages, including Persian, English, Urdu, Turkish, and Spanish. Sayyid Saeed Akhtar Rizvi started the English translation of Tafsir al-mizan and translated 6 volumes of the Arabic text published in 12 English volumes before his demise. Sayyid Muhammad Akhtar Rizvi finished the incomplete translation of the seventh Arabic volume which published as the thirteenth English volume.
Some books have so far been written about Tafsir al-mizan that might be classified as follows:. One feature of ordinal exegeses unlike subject-based exegeses of the Qur'an is that they discuss one and the same subject in different places, and it takes a lot of familiarity with the Qur'an and that particular exegesis of the Qur'an to find all discussions about one subject.
Some books—indexes have been published so as to facilitate reference to Tafsir al-mizan in order to find different subject-matters alphabetically. One such index is Miftah al-mizan provided by Mirza Muhammad for the volume Persian translation of Tafsir al-mizan in 3 volumes. Another index is provided by Eliyas Kalantari for both the Arabic and the Persian versions of the book.
Jump to: navigation , search. Al-Mizan fi tafsir al-Quran. Important Exegeses. Shia Exegeses. Sunni Exegeses. Exegetic Approaches. Exegetic Methodology. Writing Styles. Exegetic Terminologies. Main article: Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i. Associated Concepts. Tafsir Sa'id b. Tafsir al-muhit al-a'zam. Kanz al-'irfan. Rawd al-jinan. Tafsir Gazur. Jawahi al-tafsir. Tafsir Sharif Lahiji. Hidden categories: Pages with editorial box Articles with quality and priority assessment A grade priority articles B grade quality articles A grade priority and b grade quality articles Articles with appropriate links Articles with photo Articles with category Articles with infobox Articles with navbox Articles with redirects Articles without references.
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An Exegesis of the Holy Qur'an
For the last three centuries, this family has produced generation after generation of renowned religious scholars in Azerbaijan Iran. His father died in The orphaned child grew up in Tabriz, and after completing his religious educa- tion there, around , he went to Najaf Iraq , the most important center of Shia religious learning. These two were among the most prominent scholars in the Shia world. They were among the most prominent scholars not only in the fields of Shia jurisprudence and principles of jurisprudence, but in all Islamic subjects.
Tafseer-ul-Quran - Al- Meezan - Volume 1 Urdu Translation Famous Shia Book
Al-Mizan fi tafsir al-Qur'an (book)