Reducing the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia following heart surgery: year experience of epidemiologic surveillance in a teaching hospital. Escuela de Medicina. Correspondencia a :. Objectives: To report the results of 13 years worth of epidemiologic surveillance of ventilator-associated pneumonia VAP following heart surgery and the main interventions applied in order to reduce VAP incidence. Methods: This is a retrospective and descriptive study of active epidemiologic surveillance of VAP.

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ISSN: X. Descargar PDF. Servicio de Medicina Intensiva. Hospital del Mar. Barcenilla , R. Insausti , M. Olaechea , M. Palomar , J. Rello , J. Valles , J. Blanquer , J. Dorca , R. Torres , X. Ariza , J. Mensa , J. Messeguer , M. American Thoracic Society. Hospital-acquired pneumonia in adults: diagnosis, assessment of severity, initial antimicrobial therapy, and preventative strategies.

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Respiratory infections in intubated patients can derive from endogenous or exogenous sources. The major route for acquiring endemic ventilator-associated pneumonia VAP is oropharyngeal colonization by endogenous flora and leakage of contaminated secretions into the lower respiratory tract. However, a not inconsiderable percentage of VAP results from exogenous nosocomial colonization, especially pneumonias caused by resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii or Pseudomonas aeruginosa , as well as by Legionella spp or filamentous fungi, such as Aspergillus. This article reviews the pathogenesis of VAP and the role of the intensive care environment as a source of pathogenic microorganisms.. ISSN: X.


ISSN: X. Descargar PDF. Servicio de Medicina Intensiva. Hospital del Mar. Barcenilla , R. Insausti , M.



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