Embed Size px x x x x Topics Discussed in this ChapterPreparing data for analysisTypes of descriptive statisticsCentral tendencyVariationRelative positionRelationshipsCalculating descriptive statistics. Scoring ProceduresInstructionsStandardized tests detail scoring instructionsTeacher-made tests require the delineation of scoring criteria and specific proceduresTypes of itemsSelected response items - easily and objectively scoredOpen-ended items - difficult to score objectively with a single number as the result. Tabulation and CodingTabulation is organizing data Identifying all information relevant to the analysisSeparating groups and individuals within groupsListing data in columnsCodingAssigning names to variables EX1 for pretest scoresSEX for genderEX2 for posttest scores. Tabulation and CodingReliabilityConcerns with scoring by hand and entering dataMachine scoringAdvantagesReliable scoring, tabulation, and analysisDisadvantagesUse of selected response items, answering on scantrons.

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Embed Size px x x x x OverviewFour sections of this presentationAn overview of the scientific method and educational researchThe classification of types of research by purposeThe classification of types of research by methodExamples of types of research. Describe the differences between quantitative and qualitative research. Briefly define and state the major characteristics of these research approaches: action, descriptive, correlational, causal-comparative, experimental, narrative, and ethnographic.

For each research approach in Objective 3, briefly describe two appropriate research studies. Given a published article, identify and state the problem or topic chosen to study, the procedures employed to conduct the study, the method of analyzing collected data, and the major conclusion of the study.

Ways of KnowingPersonal experienceRelying on ones knowledge of prior experiencesLimitationsHow one is affected by an event depends on who one isOne frequently needs to know something that cannot by learned through experienceObj. Ways of KnowingTraditionDoing things as they have always been doneLimitationsTraditions are often based on an idealized pastTraditions can be distant from current realities and the complexities associated with themExperts or authoritiesRelying on the expertise or authority of othersLimitationsExperts can be wrongExperts can disagree among themselves, as in a second opinionObj.

Ways of KnowingInductive reasoningReasoning from the specific to the generalLimitationsIn order to be certain of a conclusion one must observe all examplesAll examples can be observed only in very limited situations where there are few members of the groupObj.

Ways of KnowingDeductive reasoningReasoning from the general to the specificLimitationsYou must begin with true premises in order to arrive at true conclusionsDeductive reasoning only organizes what is already knownObj. The Scientific MethodFive steps in the scientific methodRecognition and definition of the problemFormulation of hypothesesCollection of dataAnalysis of dataStating conclusions. The Scientific MethodLimitations of the scientific methodInability to answer value-based questions involving shouldInability to capture the full richness and complexities of the participantsLimitations of our measurement instrumentsEthical and legal responsibilitiesObj.

Educational ResearchSteps for conducting educational researchSelection of a problemUse of specific research procedures to design and collect dataAnalysis of dataStatement of conclusions based on the results of the data analysesParallels the steps in the scientific methodObj. Educational ResearchDifficulties conducting educational researchInvolves human beings and the complexities associated with themDifficulties generalizing from specific studiesProblems when imposing sufficient controls to conduct research in educational settingsComplications when observing in educational settingsIndirect measurement of the variables being studiedObj.

Classifying ResearchTwo helpful ways to view researchPurposeThe degree of direct applicability of research to educational practices and settingsMethodThe overall strategies followed to collect and analyze data.

Bruna 5 Es compare to enquiry sample. Mastery learningGardners multiple intelligencesObj. The Purposes of ResearchApplied research Creating a new theory and testing itCollection and analysis of data to examine the usefulness of theory in solving practical educational problemsExamplesDeveloping a seventh grade social studies curriculum around a problem-solving approach to learningExamining the effectiveness of a computer-based algebra program developed around a mastery learning approachAccommodating varied learning styles when teaching lessons in modern literature.

The Purposes of ResearchThe interaction of basic and applied researchBasic research provides the theory that produces the concepts for solving educational problemsApplied research provides the data to help support, guide, and revise the development theoryObj.

The Purposes of ResearchEvaluation researchThe collection and analysis of data to make decisions related to the merit or worth of a specific programMerit relates to a program accomplishing what it was supposed to accomplishWorth relates to the value attached to a program by those using itObj.

The Purposes of ResearchEvaluation researchTypes of evaluationFormative evaluation is designed to inform and improve a program while it is being developed or implementedSummative evaluation is designed to make decisions regarding the overall quality of the program being evaluated Obj. The Purposes of ResearchEvaluation researchExamplesThe computerized algebra program being used in Williams Middle School has been installed properly, is being used properly, and student achievement is increasing as a result of its useThe computerized algebra program being used in Williams Middle School is perceived to be an efficient and effective expenditure of district fundsObj.

The Purposes of ResearchResearch and developmentThe development of effective products for use in schoolsExamplesThe development of the software to create a computerized algebra program that incorporates an individualized mastery learning approach to teaching basic algebraic conceptsThe development of a Smart Board to enhance a teachers use of technology in the classroomObj.

The Purposes of ResearchAction researchThe collection and analysis of data to provide a solution to the practical, valued problems of educators within their own school or organizationExamplesHow can our college move to a performance based model for undergraduate teacher preparation programs?

How can disciplinary policies be enforced consistently in our school? Research MethodsTwo general categories of methods currently being used in educational researchQuantitativeQualitativeObj. View Download 0 Category Documents. Bourdieu and Educational Research Documents.

Introduction to Educational Research Education. Educational Research Output Documents. Classification of Educational Subject Matter - sun. These broader relations may also have to Documents. American Educational Research Associationref?

Sistema Tierra-Luna La Luna. La evaluacion en el Salon de Clases Airasian Documents.


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