Kenneth Kaunda Street. Formerly: Northway. He was the youngest of eight children. His father was a Minister and teacher who had left Malawi in and his mother was the first African woman to teach in colonial Zambia. He worked at the Salisbury and Bindura mines and in became a teacher in Mufurila for the United Missions to the Copperbelt. But he soon began to show an active interest in politics.
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Kenneth David Kaunda born , first president of Zambia, was a leading figure in his country's independence movement. Until he stepped down in , he maintained his critical position as the leader of a buffer country between white-ruled states in southern Africa and hostile, independent black-ruled states to the north. His father was a minister and teacher who had left Nyasaland now Malawi in , and his mother was the first African woman to teach in colonial Zambia.
After completing his education in the early s, Kaunda began teaching at Lubwa in and was headmaster there as well from to Then he moved to the copper mining area, where he founded a farmers' cooperative, was a mine welfare officer , and became a boarding master at Mufulira Upper School from to The urbanized copper area was a natural setting for African nationalism.
Resenting the racial discrimination that prevailed in central Africa, Kaunda helped to found the African National Congress ANC , the first major anticolonial organization in Northern Rhodesia.
Early on, Kaunda became committed to the nonviolent principles of India's Mohandas Gandhi, a position strengthened by his visit to India in He broke with Nkumbula and became president of the Zambia African National Union from through When civil disorder led to banning of this party, Kaunda was jailed for a period of nine months. On his release he became president of the new United National Independence party in On Oct. He formed a coalition government with Nkumbula's ANC and served as minister of local government and social welfare in Zambia slowly moved through the complications of earning independence.
Much of the success is attributed to the skillful diplomacy of Kenneth Kaunda, who succeeded in allaying the fears of the huge European and smaller Asian community that black leadership would ignore their interests. In October , the new nation of Zambia was born, with Kaunda as its president.
After independence, Kaunda made agreements with mining companies over copper royalties. He also had to deal with uprisings of the Lumpa religious sect under self-styled prophetess Alice Lenshina. His relations with neighboring white-ruled Rhodesia were unstable after the latter's illegal break with Britain, but he resisted those within and without his government who urged military action. Instead, Kaunda sought aid for a rail line to a Tanzanian port. This would offer an alternate route for landlocked Zambia's copper that prior to the rail line had to be exported through Rhodesia.
These tensions heightened tribal differences and encouraged Kaunda's socialist leanings. Kaunda, like other African leaders, faced the complex problems of independence and tribalism, although his diplomatic skills saved his country the trauma of civil war.
However, political pressures within and without his borders led him to impose single-party rule in With civil war to the west in Angola in and continuing conflict in Rhodesia, Kaunda won, unopposed, a new five-year term. Pledging his government to enforce high standards of morality and concern for public welfare, he was able to put down several attempted coups over the next few years.
Kenneth Kaunda retired from office in when Frederick Chiluba came to power in the first multiparty election in Zambia following the legalization of opposition parties in He moved to London where he continued to be concerned with the policies and programs of his native country.
Political Career The urbanized copper area was a natural setting for African nationalism. The Aftermath of Independence After independence, Kaunda made agreements with mining companies over copper royalties. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Copyright The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved. Link to this page. Kenneth David Kaunda. In YourDictionary. Kenneth David Kaunda Images. Join YourDictionary today.
Kenneth Kaunda (1924- )
Former president of Zambia. At a Glance …. Kenneth Kaunda served as president of the nation of Zambia from its founding in until It is likely, however, that the well-known Kaunda and the members of his United National Independence Party will remain vital forces in Zambian politics and outspoken critics of the new regime. Still, the transfer of power from a single to a multiparty system has proceeded peacefully in the nation of eight million people, while neighboring countries have been torn by civil wars. Whatever happens, it will galvanize and strengthen pro-democracy movements all over Africa. Zambia, a country about the size of the states of Texas and West Virginia combined, is located in south central Africa.
Kaunda, Kenneth 1924–
Both taught among the Bemba ethnic group in northern Zambia, where young Kaunda received his early education, completing secondary school in the early s. Like the majority of Africans in colonial Zambia who achieved some measure of middle-class status, he also began to teach, first in colonial Zambia and in the middle s in Tanganyika now Tanzania. Kaunda returned to Zambia in In that year he became interpreter and adviser on African affairs to Sir Stewart Gore-Browne, a liberal white settler and a member of the Northern Rhodesian Legislative Council. Kaunda acquired knowledge of the colonial government as well as political skills, both of which served him well when later that year he joined the African National Congress ANC , the first major anticolonial organization in Northern Rhodesia. Kaunda became president of the new organization and skillfully used it to forge a militant policy against the British plan for a federation of the three central African colonies—Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia, and Nyasaland. African leaders opposed and feared any such federation because it would tend to place ultimate power in the hands of a white minority of settlers.
Kenneth David Kaunda Facts
Kenneth David Buchizya Kaunda born April 28, ,  also known as KK ,  is a Zambian former politician who served as the first President of Zambia from to Kaunda is the youngest of eight children born to an ordained Church of Scotland missionary and teacher, an immigrant from Malawi. He was at the forefront of the struggle for independence from British rule. He was the first President of the independent Zambia.
In August , Kaunda was chosen to attend Munali, a secondary school in Northern Rhodesia, with the goal of becoming a teacher. He returned to Lubwa in as an instructor in the local schools. In , however, he became a farmer. Kaunda soon became involved in an emerging nationalist movement, which was called Congress. He formed a branch of the Congress in the Chinsali district, his home region.