This article presents a new translation of the papyrus Kahun. Interest in the papyrus lies in its being indisputably the most ancient document on gynaecology known. The text consists of a continuum of individual "cases" which lend themselves to subdivsion into four major sections. Selected commentaries accompany the translation which consist in the main of illuminating quotations from other Egyptian papyri. The aim is to propagate some insight into the gynaecological concepts behind medical practice around B.
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The Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus also Petrie Medical Papyrus , Kahun Medical Papyrus , Lahun Medical Papyrus , or UC is the oldest known medical text in Egypt, [ citation needed ] although not the oldest in the world as in Philadelphia museum a Sumerian medical clay tablet from 3rd millennium is preserved.
The later Berlin Papyrus and the Ramesseum Papyrus IV cover much of the same ground, often giving identical prescriptions. The text is divided into thirty-four sections, each section dealing with a specific problem and containing diagnosis and treatment; no prognosis is suggested. Treatments are non-surgical, comprising applying medicines to the affected body part or swallowing them. The womb is at times seen as the source of complaints manifesting themselves in other body parts, for which its fumigation is recommended, either by oils and incense or whatever the woman smells roasting, should it cause her to smell roasting.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. History Begins at Sumer Third, ed. University of Pennsylvania Press. London: Bernard Quaritch. Please note the book pages run from back to front. London: Routledge. Ancient Egyptian medicine. Categories : Ancient Egyptian medical works Egyptian papyri Gynaecology.
Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus
The Kahun Gynecological Papyrus Twelfth Dynasty BC is the oldest available medical record of Egyptian civilization, a three page document one meter long and about thirty-three cm wide that deals with gynecological diseases, fertility, pregnancy, and contraception. The name Amenemhet III was written in the right upper corner behind third page name. The document was torn in places and patched with gum and papyrus. The Berlin papyrus, found in and dating from the Nineteenth Dynasty, was the first medical papyrus to be discovered. The Hearst Papyrus was given in by a peasant in exchange for some waste soil he required as fertilizer. The Berlin, Ebers, Ramesseum, Carlsberg papyri also covered gynaecology and obstetrics. The dynasty was founded by Amenemhet I, who did not descend from the royal family and had become pharaoh perhaps by killing Mentuhotep IV of the Eleventh Dynasty.
Its many fragments were discovered by Flinders Petrie in and are kept at the University College London. This collection of papyri is one of the largest ever found. Most of the texts are dated to ca. In general the collection spans the Middle Kingdom of Egypt. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.