In , Governor-General Ellenborough carried out administrative reforms under which the Secretariat of the Government was organized under four departments — Foreign, Home, Finance and Military. Each was headed by a Secretary level officer. Consequently, the External Affairs Department was set up separately under the direct charge of the Governor-General. The idea of establishing a separate diplomatic service to handle the external activities of the Government of India originated from a note dated September 30, , recorded by Lt-Gen T. When this note was referred to the Department of External Affairs for comments, Mr Olaf Caroe, the Foreign Secretary, recorded his comments in an exhaustive note detailing the scope, composition and functions of the proposed service. Mr Caroe pointed out that as India emerged to a position of autonomy and national consciousness, it was imperative to build up a system of representation abroad that would be in complete harmony with the objectives of the future government.
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The main mandate of the service is the implementation of the National Forest Policy  in order to ensure the ecological stability of the country through the protection and participatory sustainable management of natural resources.
An IFS officer is wholly independent of the district administration and exercises administrative, judicial and financial powers in his own domain. This continued up to except for a short break on account of war between France and Russia.
Officers appointed from to were trained in Germany and France, and from to at Cooper's Hill, London, also known as Royal Indian Engineering College where officers were trained.
In , the Government of India took the decision that the IFS Probationers may be trained at one centre and consequent to the establishment of Forest Research Institute at Dehradun , the training started in India in the year Indian Forest College was established in The stated mandate of the service was scientific management of the forests to exploit it on a sustained basis for primarily timber products.
It was during this time that large tracts of the forest were brought under state control through the process of reservation under the Indian Forest Act, The management of the forest went into the hands of the provincial government in and even today the Forest Departments are managing the forest of the country under the respective State governments. Since the subject of forestry was shifted to the concurrent list in the year , the central government plays an important role, particularly at the policy level in the management of the forest.
The main thrust of managing forests for production of timber products as in the British period continued even after the reconstitution of IFS in The recommendations of National Commission on Agriculture in was a landmark shift in forest management. It was for the first time that people's perception was taken care of in addressing biomass needs and extension activities through social forestry were introduced. The concept of sustained yield was addressed in tandem with biomass needs of the people living in and around forest areas.
Equal thrust was given to habitat management in protected area and conserving the biodiversity of the land. Today there are over IFS officers serving in the country, serving in both the 31 Forest Departments in the States and Union Territories and working in various Ministries and institutions both in the State and Central Government of india. There is no alternative to this administrative system The Union will go, you will not have a united India if you do not have good All-India Service which has the independence to speak out its mind, which has sense of security that you will stand by your work If you do not adopt this course, then do not follow the present Constitution.
Substitute something else Remove them and I see nothing, but a picture of chaos all round the country. India's forest policy was created in and revised in and again in the year Their services are placed under various State cadres and joint cadres, being an All India Service they have the mandate to serve both under the State and Central Governments.
For Central Deputation, there are two schemes devised for the purpose of regulating appointments in Government of India and organisations under its control. An IFS officer may also be deputed for service under a company, association, corporation which is wholly or substantially owned or controlled by a State Government, a Municipal Corporation or Local Body. Appointment is done by the State Government.
An IFS officer may also be deputed for service under international organisation by Central Government in consultation with State Government of india. Their services are placed under various State cadres and joint cadres, even though they have the mandate to serve both under the State and Central Governments.
On acceptance to the IFS, new entrants undergo a probationary period and are referred to as Officer Trainees. Training begins at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration in Mussoorie , where members of many elite civil services are trained for the period of 15 weeks.
They also undertake extensive tours both in India and abroad. The Union Government announced a new cadre allocation policy for the All India Services in August , touting it as a policy to ensure national integration of the bureaucracy as officers and ensure All-India character of the services.
Under the new policy, the existing 26 cadres have been divided into five zones in the new policy by the Department of Personnel and Training of Government of India. The process continues till a preference for all the cadres is indicated by the candidate.
Officers continue to work in the cadre they are allotted or are deputed to the Government of India. Till there was no system of preference of state cadre by the candidates; the candidates, if not placed in the insider vacancy of their home states, were allotted to different states in alphabetic order of the roster, beginning with the letters A, H, M, T for that particular year.
For example, if in a particular year the roster begins from 'A', which means the first candidate on the roster will go to the Andhra Pradesh state cadre of IFS, the next one to Bihar, and subsequently to Chhattisgarh, Gujarat and so on in alphabetical order.
This highly intricate system, in vogue since the mids, had ensured that officers from different states are placed all over India. The system of permanent State cadres has also resulted in wide disparities in the kind of professional exposure for officers, when we compare officers in small and big and also developed and backward states.
The officer may go to their home state cadre on deputation for a limited period, after which one has to invariably return to the cadre allotted to him or her. From to IFS officers were allotted to State cadres at the beginning of their service. Manikandan . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Forest Department of the Government of India. It has been suggested that Principal Chief Conservator of Forests be merged into this article. Discuss Proposed since December Retrieved 1 October Official website of Government of India.
Archived from the original on 19 December Retrieved 27 December Archived from the original on 11 January Archived from the original PDF on 7 October Environmental History Resources. Retrieved 5 June Retrieved 18 October Archived from the original on 18 August Government of India. Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 26 January Retrieved 2 July Archived from the original on 25 December Retrieved 15 November After qualifying the written examination, the candidates have to appear for a personality test, a walking test and a standard medical fitness test.
Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. Retrieved 18 September Archived from the original PDF on 20 November Indian Forest Service.
Retrieved 18 January Civil Services of India State civil services of India. Civil service. National civil service commissions Government occupations Civil service by country.
Rajiv Gauba , IAS. Principal Chief Conservator of Forests. Deputy Conservator of Forests Selection Grade. Deputy Conservator of Forests. Uttar Pradesh , Bihar , Jharkhand and Odisha. Gujarat , Maharashtra , Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy. Retrieved 19 January Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 21 August The Indian Express.
Retrieved 24 August Live Mint. HT Media Ltd. Retrieved 19 September India Today. Retrieved 10 September Hindustan Times. Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 13 August Indian Administration Vol.
The All India Service (Performance Appraisal Report) Rules, 2007
Indian Forest Service