But this picture on my screen was taken in Oaxaca in June of And the rage of the Mexican pueblo, to this day, is quite literally burning in the streets of Nochixtlan. In the photo, the five teachers not only hold their line against the granaderos, but they taunt them. One granadero hoists his shield into the air as if to deflect a thrown rock, breaking rank with those to his side. Their schtick is up. But, of course, the shock is still there.
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She then walked to the square. There was blood on the stairways. The police were still there. At that moment she decided she needed to tell this story, which the government wanted buried. She needed to gather testimonies from witnesses, but many had already been thrown in jail.
She recorded some of the testimonies and took notes for others. Sometimes lawyers told her about clients who had been arrested. I asked Elena if she put herself at risk by writing a book like this, which was sure to irk officials in the administration.
No truth and justice commission was ever launched, and the perpetrators of the massacre were never identified. But Elena bravely, and professionally, chronicled what actually took place in the summer and fall of Her book is so full of life that even today the testimonies and voices of those who were there inspire fresh outrage. At 86, Elena has done her part with regard to history.
When I spoke with her, thousands of books from her personal library were being packed into boxes to be shipped to a foundation that is taking her name. I asked if this was a moment of giving back for her. You can watch my interview with Elena here:. Follow jorgeramosnews. The blood was still on the ground. On the evening of Oct. Hundreds — we will never know exactly how many — were gunned down by the army and the police. By Jorge Ramos. Oct 3, Follow jorgeramosnews.
Jorge Ramos Avalos. Jorge Ramos has been the anchorman for Noticiero Univision since He writes a weekly column for more than 40 newspapers in the United States and Latin America, and provides daily radio commentary for the Radio Univision network.
A survey conducted by the Pew Hispanic Center found that Ramos is the second most recognized Latino leader in the country. Society , U. By Jorge Ramos Avalos , 1 day ago June 3,
Elena Poniatowska was born in France, in Her mother was the daughter of wealthy Mexican aristocrats and her father, a French count of Polish origin. In , Poniatowska and her family moved to Mexico to escape war-time deprivations. She began her writing career as a journalist. Her first job involved writing society news for the daily newspaper Excelsior. Soon, she moved on to interviewing cultural and political figures, such as muralist Diego Rivera.
Reading Elena Poniatowska’s LA NOCHE DE TLATELOLCO Amid The Oaxaca Teacher Protests
Following a summer of increasingly large demonstrations in Mexico City protesting the Mexico City Olympics , armed forces of Mexico opened fire October 2, on unarmed civilians, killing an undetermined number, in the hundreds. The events are considered part of the Mexican Dirty War , when the government used its forces to suppress political opposition. The massacre occurred 10 days before the opening of the Summer Olympics in Mexico City. The head of the Federal Directorate of Security reported that 1, people were arrested. According to US national security archives, Kate Doyle, a Senior Analyst of US policy in Latin America, documented the deaths of 44 people;  however, estimates of the actual death toll range from to , with eyewitnesses reporting hundreds dead. His administration suppressed independent labor unions, farmers, and was heavy-handed in trying to direct the economy. Arising from reaction to the government's violent repression of a July fight between rival porros gangs , the student movement in Mexico City quickly grew to include large segments of the university students who were dissatisfied with the regime of the PRI , most especially at the Autonomous National University of Mexico UNAM , and the National Polytechnic Institute IPN as well as other universities.
Elena Poniatowska and the Massacre of 1968