His The Dual Mandate , first published in , became a handbook for all British administrators in tropical Africa, and influenced British colonial policies across the continent. It offered a comprehensive evaluation of the nature and challenges of British rule in Africa. To shield British spheres of influence from external intrusion, the British Foreign Office declared them as Protectorates. Territories acquired through conquest, cession, settlement, or annexation were designated as Crown Colonies.

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Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? A survey of the historical and international aspects of colonial rule in Africa. Read more Read less. Amazon International Store International products have separate terms, are sold from abroad and may differ from local products, including fit, age ratings, and language of product, labeling or instructions.

Manufacturer warranty may not apply. Learn more about Amazon International Store. No customer reviews. How does Amazon calculate star ratings? The machine learned model takes into account factors including: the age of a review, helpfulness votes by customers and whether the reviews are from verified purchases. Review this product Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Most helpful customer reviews on Amazon. Frederick Lugard helped conquer and rule Uganda, Nyasaland and Nigeria.

After his "man-of-action" days, he shaped colonial policies til his death in ; his major statements came in this work, the bible of British Indirect Rule.

Today Lord Lugard's naive ethnocentrism and even crude racism are clear enough. Many facts and suggestions in this hoary "current affairs" book are also naturally dated, but even harsh critics tacitly share the basic principles Lugard outlined.

Briefly, the "dual mandate" says that foreign powers have a duty to develop Africa's resources to benefit both Africa and the whole world.

In reality European empires also the US set most economic policy in their favor, but since Africa must still engage with the world to sell its products, the challenge remains crucial.

Most later development strategies accepted this implicitly, but much recent exploitation of Africa's wealth drops any pretense of aiding peoplewitness the endless conflicts in resource-rich Congo and Sudan, and corporate collusion in Nigeria.

Despite biases, Lugard deserves credit for frankly assessing Africa's complex global role. Perham's "Lugard" admiringly tells his story in two bulky volumes. Pan-Africanism's economic nationalism offers a sharp contrast, if not a very practical alternative. Go to Amazon. Back to top. Get to Know Us. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web. DPReview Digital Photography.


The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa

The dual mandate is an expression of the fundamental principles of European imperialism in tropical Africa as theorized by Sir Frederick Lugard — , the best known of the British colonial officers to serve in Africa. In his most important work on British imperialism, The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa , Lugard craftily articulated the basis for European imperial design in Africa and the dynamics of the colonial administrative system of indirect rule. In Lugard's discourse, European imperialism rested on the premise that the resources of Africa, perceived dormant, could be productively marshaled and utilized by the more technologically advanced imperial nations of Europe for the mutual benefits of the colonizer and the colonized. Lugard argued that Africa's enormous resources lay wasted not only because Africans did not recognize their uses and value, but also because they did not possess the know-how to develop and exploit them. Lugard's thesis ascribed to imperial Europe a fundamental right to Africa's "wasted bounties of nature," and also the responsibility of holding them in trust and developing them for the benefit of humankind. As custodian of Africa's resources, however, imperial Europe was committed to Africa's development and the advancement and welfare of its people.


The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa, by Frederick John Dealtry Lugard (1965)

Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? A survey of the historical and international aspects of colonial rule in Africa. Read more Read less.

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