She lived in Germany from until her death in Svetlana Geier was born in Kiev in , the daughter of Russian parents. Her father was a scientist, his specialty was plant breeding. Her mother came from a family of Tsarist officers. Her father was arrested in during the period of Stalin's Great Purge , and died in from illnesses stemming from his time in prison.
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She lived in Germany from until her death in Svetlana Geier was born in Kiev in , the daughter of Russian parents. Her father was a scientist, his specialty was plant breeding.
Her mother came from a family of Tsarist officers. Her father was arrested in during the period of Stalin's Great Purge , and died in from illnesses stemming from his time in prison. Svetlana Ivanova had a sheltered childhood, receiving private tuition in both France and Germany early in her life. In , the year the German army invaded the Soviet Union , she passed her school exams with excellent grades, and was accepted as a student at the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in the Faculty of West European languages.
There she also worked as a translator for the Institute of Geology. Following the German invasion of Kiev, she became an interpreter for the Dortmund Bridge Building company on their site in Kiev. She had been promised a scholarship to study in Germany if she worked for the Germans for a year.
In , following the defeat of the German troops at the Battle of Stalingrad, the company had to close down its site in Kiev. Svetlana Ivanova was well aware that, having worked for the Germans, her fellow countrymen regarded her as a collaborator and that she would never be able to study in the Soviet Union.
There they were arrested and taken to a camp for workers from the East, from which they managed to escape with the help of friends after six months. Having proven her excellent translating skills in an exam at the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Svetlana Ivanova was awarded a scholarship with which she could realise her dream of studying languages.
Together with her mother, she moved to Guenterstal in Freiburg, and started her studies in Literature and Comparative Linguistics at the University of Freiburg in After her marriage she took her husband's name, Geier.
She had two children and lived in Guenterstal until her death in In Svetlana started teaching Russian at the University of Karlsruhe.
From onwards she had a contract to teach for eight hours a week. She took the train to Karlsruhe one day a week until she died. In addition, from to she was a lector for Russian in the Department of Slavistics at the University of Freiburg. She did a great deal of work to enhance the teaching of Russian outside the university.
At the Kepler-Gymnasium grammar school in Freiburg she raised the profile of Russian so that the language was available to choose as an exam subject,  which she taught herself for many years. In addition, she was responsible for the teaching of Russian at various Steiner schools throughout Germany for a period of 25 years. She began working as a translator in Germany for the then newly published series Rowohlt Classics.
This house, where she lived for over 50 years, and which belonged to the city of Freiburg, and was to become a centre for translation through the efforts of a private initiative. Svetalan Geier ranks amongst the most important translators of Russian literature in the German-speaking world. Amongst other works, she translated those of Tolstoi , Bulgakov and Solzhenitsyn.
She became known to a wider public through new translations of the great novels by Fjodor Dostojewski. She did not hesitate to reformulate older, well-known titles, although she insisted she did nothing more than translate from the original Russian. However, her choice of title for Dostojevski's most famous novel Crime and Punishment had already been chosen by the earlier translators Alexander Eliasberg  and Gregor Jarcho  respectively.
Thanks to her work at the university, Svetlana Geier was never financially dependent on translation, and thus it was possible for her to devote large periods of time to the translations of individual texts; she spent 20 years translating Dostojevski's novels. Unusually for a translator, she chose to dictate her translations to an assistant.
Svetlana Geier received numerous awards and prizes for her outstanding contribution to the dissemination of Russian culture, history and literature, including the following:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. March Learn how and when to remove this template message.
In: Badische Zeitung vom 9. November , retrieved, 3 December Deutsch von Alexander Eliasberg. Kiepenheuer, Potsdam Dostojewski: Verbrechen und Strafe. Ein Roman in sechs Teilen mit einem Nachwort. Deutsch von Gregor Jarcho. Namespaces Article Talk.
Verbrechen und Strafe
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Schuld und Sühne