Sialadenitis sialoadenitis is inflammation of salivary glands , usually the major ones, the most common being the parotid gland , followed by submandibular and sublingual glands. Sialadenitis can be further classed as acute or chronic. Acute sialadenitis is an acute inflammation of a salivary gland which may present itself as a red, painful swelling that is tender to touch. Chronic sialadenitis is typically less painful but presents as recurrent swellings, usually after meals, without redness. Causes of sialadenitis are varied, including bacterial most commonly Staphylococcus aureus , viral and autoimmune conditions.
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Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved. These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
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National Institutes of Health. COVID is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Menu Search Home Diseases Sialadenitis. You can help advance rare disease research! Title Other Names:. Sialoadenitis; Adenitis, salivary gland; Salivary gland inflammation. Summary Summary.
Symptoms Symptoms. Signs and symptoms of sialadenitis may include fever, chills, and unilateral pain and swelling in the affected area. The affected gland may be firm and tender, with redness of the overlying skin.
Pus may drain through the gland into the mouth. Do you have updated information on this disease? We want to hear from you. Cause Cause. Sialadenitis usually occurs after decreased flow of saliva hyposecretion or duct obstruction, but may develop without an obvious cause. Saliva flow can be reduced in people who are sick or recovering from surgery, or people who are dehydrated, malnourished, or immunosuppressed.
A stone or a kink in the salivary duct can also diminish saliva flow, as can certain medications such as antihistamines , diuretics , psychiatric medications, beta-blockers , or barbiturates. It often occurs in chronically ill people with dry mouth xerostomia , people with Sjogren syndrome , and in those who have had radiation therapy to the oral cavity.
Other bacteria which can cause the infections include include streptococci, coliforms, and various anaerobic bacteria. Although less common than bacteria, several viruses have also been implicated in sialadenitis. Treatment Treatment. The treatment of sialadenitis depends on what type of microbe is causing the infection.
If the infection is bacterial, an antibiotic effective against whichever bacteria is present will be the treatment of choice.
If the infection is due to a virus , such as herpes, treatment is usually symptomatic but may include antiviral medications. Warm compresses, and gland massage may also be helpful if the flow is obstructed in some way. Good oral hygiene are also important. Occasionally an abscess may form which needs to be drained especially if it proves resistant to antibiotics or antiviral medication     In rare cases of chronic or relapsing sialadenitis, surgery may be needed to remove part or all of the gland.
This is more common when there is an underlying condition which is causing the hyposecretion. Prognosis Prognosis. The prognosis of acute sialadenitis is very good. Most salivary gland infections go away on their own or are easily cured with treatment with conservative medical management medication, increasing fluid intake and warm compresses or gland massage. Acute symptoms usually resolve within 1 week; however, edema in the area may last several weeks.
Complications are not common, but may occur and can include abscess of the salivary gland or localized spreading of bacterial infection such as cellulitis or Ludwig's angina. Research Research. Clinical Research Resources ClinicalTrials. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials. We strongly recommend that you talk with a trusted healthcare provider before choosing to participate in any clinical study.
Learn More Learn More. Where to Start MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic. The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research NIDCR , purposes to improve oral, dental and craniofacial health through research, research training, and the dissemination of health information. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
In-Depth Information Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free. The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers.
This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Sialadenitis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic. Have a question? References References. Yoskovitch A. Medscape Reference. Jothi S. Salivary gland infection. Sasaki CR. Merck Manuals Professional Version. Sanan A and Cognetti DM. Rare Parotid Gland Diseases.
Otolaryngol Clin North Am. April ; 49 2 Do you know of a review article? Share this content:. Close Copy Link. You May Be Interested In. How to Find a Disease Specialist. Tips for the Undiagnosed. Support for Patients and Families. Tips for Finding Financial Aid. Help with Travel Costs.
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Acute Submandibular Sialadenitis
Sialadenitis is an inflammation of a salivary gland. Salivary glands are the glands that make saliva, which helps with swallowing and digestion and protects your teeth from bacteria. There are three main salivary glands:. It can be an acute sudden , chronic long term , or recurrent condition.
Sialadenitis (Swollen Salivary Gland)
Coronavirus News Center. Case A year-old woman presented to the ED with pain and swelling on the right side of her neck. She stated the pain started earlier that morning and worsened when she ate or swallowed. The patient denied a recent or remote history of drooling, voice changes, or neck swelling. She reported no fevers, chills, or any other complaints, and had no pertinent medical history—specifically, no history of recent dental work. Her surgical history included tonsillectomy and cholecystectomy.