The Requiem , Op. The thematic material is mostly taken from the Mass for the Dead in Gregorian chant. The Requiem was first published in by Durand in an organ version. He completed it in September
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The Requiem , Op. The thematic material is mostly taken from the Mass for the Dead in Gregorian chant. The Requiem was first published in by Durand in an organ version. He completed it in September At the time of the commission, he was working on an organ suite using themes from Gregorian chants. He incorporated his sketches for that work into the Requiem, which uses numerous themes from the Gregorian "Mass for the Dead". The composer dedicated the Requiem to the memory of his father.
The work is for SATB choir with brief mezzo-soprano and baritone solos. It exists in three versions: one for organ alone with obbligato solo for cello ; one for organ with string orchestra and optional trumpets , harp , and timpani ; and one for organ and full orchestra. The central movement, Pie Jesu, has the only solo for the mezzo-soprano. The full-orchestra version is scored for 3 flutes 2nd and 3rd doubling piccolo , 2 oboes 2nd doubling 2nd English horn , English horn , 2 clarinets , bass clarinet , 2 bassoons , 4 French horns , 3 trumpets , 3 trombones , tuba , timpani , cymbals , bass drum , tamtam , celesta , harp , organ , and strings violins , violas , cellos , and double basses.
The reduced-orchestra version is scored for 3 trumpets , timpani , harp , organ , and strings violins , violas , cellos , and double basses. The organ part used in the reduced version is different from the organ part used in the version for choir and organ. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Collegium Musicum of London.
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He became a chorister at the Rouen Cathedral Choir School from to , where he studied piano and organ with Jules Haelling, a pupil of Alexandre Guilmant. In , Louis Vierne nominated him as his assistant at Notre-Dame. In he completed probably the most famous of his few pieces: the Requiem op. He had begun composing the work in , following a commission  from the Vichy regime. They married on 15 September The couple became a famous and popular organ duo, going on tour together several times throughout the sixties and early seventies. He was made a Chevalier de la Legion d'honneur in
Maurice Duruflé: A Man Out of Step with His Times
Between the ages of 10 and 16 he was a student at the choir school of Rouen Cathedral. He also studied with Louis Vierne — , who held the most prestigious organ post in Paris, that of Notre Dame cathedral. An automobile accident in drastically curtailed his activity thereafter. The four motets of Op. But unquestionably he is most famous for his masterpiece, the Requiem Op.